Aside from the physical definition, as many have mentioned above, a "cellar" indicates an inclination to horde wine. 6 bottle or 6,000. I'm not sure it matters.

Two possible definitions of a cellar, based on Steven's neat insight and others prior to it:

"Any storage facility at home, containing more bottles/cases than the owner might reasonably expect to drink next weekend or remembers drinking last weekend." :)

"A substantial and morally unjustifiable number of bottles/cases/pallets stored at home, with friends or in a secretive network of Cold War bunkers spanning the country. The owner purports to have have a 'fairly good idea' of their holding — however any figures suggested are invariably incorrect (not least because their CellarTracker account was last updated in 2011), while their partner/accountant/solicitor is often led to believe that the true count is substantially lower. A spurious argument is sometimes made that high value bottles will be sold 'one of these days', but so far to little effect..." ;)
 
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"A substantial and morally unjustifiable number of bottles/cases/pallets stored at home, with friends or in a secretive network of Cold War bunkers spanning the country. The owner purports to have have a 'fairly good idea' of their holding — however any figures suggested are invariably incorrect (not least because their CellarTracker account was last updated in 2011), while their partner/accountant/solicitor is often led to believe that the true count is substantially lower. A spurious argument is sometimes made that high value bottles will be sold 'one of these days', but so far to little effect..." ;)

I'm not sure this is a definition or a confession? :)
 
Agree - and therefore it can be a relatively small quantity - possibly less than 100 bottles.

Wine is intended to be drunk, preferably with good food and good company - not 'collected', so I recoil from calling my 'cellar' a wine collection. The term calls to mind of things produced to be collected (like most stamps since the mid 1960s) or toys that bought, packed away, and never played with.
So much pain here!
 
Of interest might be a Christie’s auction, on 14 June 1865:
“of A Small Cellar Of Very Choice Old Wines, The Property of a Gentleman; Comprising about 350 Dozens of Old Port Wines, of the Vintages of 1822, 1834, 1840, 1846, and 1847; fine East India Madeira, Sparkling Hock and Moselle, Clarets, and some fine Old Brown and other Sherries”

So that’s the standard: forty-two hundred bottles is enough to make a cellar that is “small”.

(Known to me because mentioned in my forthcoming book about Vintage Port. But relevant here.)
 
Personally there is "in-bond" storage and then those stored at home. Never really thought "do I now have a cellar?" Also isn't a cellar an actual physical space?
 
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